The Laws of the Nine Days
July 13 begins the period known as the Nine Days which culminates with Tisha B’av. Among the halachos of the Nine Days are the following (based on “A Summary of the Three Weeks” by Rabbi Shimon D. Eider).
Eating Meat and Drinking Wine
1. The custom is to refrain from eating meat and poultry or drinking wine and grape juice during the nine days (except on Shabbat). This pertains to children also
2. Meat and wine are permitted at a meal in honor of a mitzvah like brit milah or a siyum
3. The prohibition of meat includes foods cooked with meat or meat fat. However, foods cooked in a clean vessel used for meat may be eaten.
Activities of Pleasure and Joy
1. One should not purchase an object of joy that will be available after Tisha B’Av for the same price
2. Building for beauty or pleasure not required for dwelling should be suspended
3. Building for a mitzvah like a synagogue, place of Torah study, or a mikva is permitted
4. Painting, wallpapering and general home decoration should NOT be done
5. Similiarly, one should not plant for pleasure
6. One should not hear live music or attend movies
1. Laundering is prohibited even for use after Tisha B’Av. One may not even give clothing to a non-Jewish cleaner during the nine days.
2. A person who has no clean clothes may wash what he needs until the Shabbat before Tisha B’Av.
3. Childrens clothing that constantly gets dirty may be washed by need even during the week of Tisha B’Av
4. Laundering for the purpose of a mitzvah is permitted
5. The prohibition of laundering includes linens, tablecloths and towels
Wearing, Buying and Repairing Clothes
1. Wearing new clothing is prohibited during the nine days
2.One may not buy new clothes or shoes even for use after Tisha B’Av, except in a c ase of great necessity, for example one’s wedding
3. If one forgot or was unable to buy special shoes needed for Tisha B’Av, he may do so during the nine days
4. Repairing torn garments or shoes is permitted
Bathing and Swimming
1. The custom is not to bathe for pleasure even in cold water except to remove dirt or perspiration. Hot water bathing is similarly prohibited.
2. Swimming is prohibited except for medical reasons. Similarly one may take a quick dip in a pool to remove dirt or sweat
3. Bathing for a mitzvah is permitted
Halachos Pertaining to When Tisha B’Av Falls on Shabbat
- Marital relations are only permitted if night is a mikveh night
- Ordinarily, a seudah hamafsekes (final meal) consisting of bread and hardboiled egg dipped in ash is eaten prior to the onset of the fast. However, this year, since the fast begins while it is still Shabbat, there is no seudah hamafsekes
- One may eat meat for seudah shlishit
- The fast begins at sunset, even though it is still Shabbat. Therefore, one must complete eating their seudah shlishit before 8:17 pm
- At 8:17 pm one must stop eating and drinking (one may however bentch after 8:17 pm). At that time one may still sit on a chair and wear leather shoes, since it is still Shabbat.
- We will NOT have seudah shlishit in shul this week; instead there will be mincha at 1:30 pm and third meal can be done at home
- At the end of Shabbat (9:10 pm) one says the words “Baruch hamavdil kodesh l’chol” before doing any activity that would be prohibited on Shabbat
- Havdalah over wine is NOT recited because we are fasting
- The bracha over spices is not recited
- The bracha borei m’orei ha’esh over candlelight IS recited. In the synagogue we will do this between maariv and Eicha
- If someone needs to break their fast on Tisha B’Av due to illness, they should first say havdalah
- Once Shabbat is over and baruch hamavdil has been said, one must remove their leather shoes and refrain from sitting on chairs that are more than three tefachim (approximately 12 inches high)
- After the fast (8:57 pm) havdalah must be recited before eating and wine may be used
- Havdalah consists of the bracha over wine and the bracha of hamavdil. NO candle or spices are used
- The consumption of meat and wine is not permitted until Monday morning
Watch a movie with us Sunday, July 22, 6:15 pm before mincha.